February 7, 2023
What Is Neet

What Is Neet

There is a qualifying entrance examination called National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to medical-undergraduate courses (MBBS, BDS etc.) in India.[23] [24] Medical Council of India India) and the Dental Council of India (Dental Council of India), admission to MBBS and BDS courses in medical and dental colleges (government or private) running across the country is made on the basis of the result of this examination. [25] [26] All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER, Pondicherry) also offer admission to MBBS course through this exam. [27] [28] The exam was first held on 5 May 2013.[29] [30] The last NEET entrance exam (2018) was conducted on 6 May and the results were declared on 4 June.[11] [31] [32]

NEET is an entrance entrance test for admission to over 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India.[33] [34] In the 2018 NEET exam [35] [36], around 80% of the candidates cleared the exam in English, 11% in Hindi, 4.31% in Gujarati, in Bengali 3% and Tamil at 1.86%.[37] [38] From 2019 onwards, the National Testing Agency will conduct NEET instead of CBSE.[39] [40]

Apart from Indian citizens, NRIs, Overseas Citizens of India, Persons of Indian Origin and foreign nationals can also take this exam. [41] [42] All of them will be eligible for the 15% All India Quota. [43] [44] On the basis of NEET, admission in the medical colleges of the state is done on 15% quota.[45] [46]

The minimum age of the candidates who appeared for this exam is 17 years and the maximum age is 25 years. There will be a relaxation of 5 years for the reserved category candidates. [47] [48] Each candidate will be given a maximum of three chances to appear in NEET.[1] [2]

collegeNumber of seats
All private colleges25,840
All government colleges27,590
NEET Counselling seats3,521
NEET Basis seats35,461

NEET qualification has now been made mandatory for Indian students aspiring to pursue MBBS from foreign medical institutions.[3] [4]

Language of question paper

In NEET-2018, CBSE will provide question paper in two languages ​​to Hindi and regional language students. [5] [6] Only students with English will get question paper in one language. [7] [8] The board has already made it clear that the same number of questions will be given to the students in all languages. NEET-2018 will be conducted in 11 languages ​​(Hindi, English, Urdu, Assamese, Bengali, [9] [10] Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Tamil and Telugu). [11] [12] If a student chooses English medium while filling the application form, he/she will get the question paper in English only. [13] [14] But students choosing the medium of Hindi or other regional languages ​​will get the question paper in that language as well as the paper in English. [15] [16] The board has also made it clear that if there is any wrong printing in the respective language, [17] [18] then the question of English will be considered correct. The evaluation will be done on that basis only.[19] [20]

History

There was a long standing demand to stop the rampant rigging in admission to medical undergraduate courses (i.e., MBBS) in medical colleges and universities. [21] [22] For this, it was being suggested to implement a centralized entrance examination system. [23] [24] This process was applicable in engineering colleges, [25] [26] but due to the reluctance of private colleges and state governments, no step could be taken in this direction.[27] [28]

Earlier this exam was called ‘AIPMT’ (All India Pre-Medical Test). [29] [30] This exam was held simultaneously across the country. On the basis of the marks obtained in this examination, students were given admission in the medical institutions run by the Central Government. [11] [31] But the government decided to conduct a test for admission to medical colleges across the country to ensure transparency, set high standards in medical education and save students from the burden of multiple exams. [32] [33] NEET entrance exam is conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).[34] [35]

It is no secret that there is competition [36] [37] for admission in medical institutions. Because after studying medical science,[38] [39] there is no problem of employment like that after other technical courses. So there is a little more rush for admission in the course. Since there is a provision for management quota in private institutions and the colleges themselves decide the conditions for admission, [40] [41] most seats there are occupied by children of moneyed people. There is a long queue of people paying exorbitant amount in these courses. [42] [43] Obviously, running a college for management has become a big business of earning. But due to lack of transparency and practical system in admission, many meritorious students have to be denied admission.[44] [45]

The Supreme Court had ordered the implementation of NEET on the basis of the concurrence of the Central Government, the Medical Council of India and the Central Board of Secondary Education. [46] [47] [48] But some states objected that it might make it difficult to prepare uniform syllabus in the regional language and conduct entrance examinations etc. On this basis, [1] [2] the Center had prepared the notification. But there was a legal hurdle whether the government could bring an ordinance against any decision of the Supreme Court? [3] [4] The President took legal advice on this and finally gave a green signal to the ordinance.[5] [6] [7]

In this way, the rigging of quota at the time of admission in medical institutions will be stopped. [8] [9] Till now, the quota fixed for management, NRI etc. [10] [11] in private and government colleges, the colleges themselves decide the conditions of admission to those seats. But now all types of quota can be filled only through central examination.[12] [13] [14]

Exam Pattern and Structure

Questions are asked from Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology. There are 45 questions from each section i.e. a total of 180 questions. For every correct answer the candidate gets 4 marks and for every wrong answer 1 mark is deducted. If the candidate has not answered any question then no marks are awarded for that. The total time duration is of 3 hours.

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